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Akkadian Empire's drought (2200–1900 BC) and China's Great Flood (about 1900 BC)

Discussion in 'Science & Technology' started by reedak, Aug 1, 2021.

  1. reedak

    reedak Well-Known Member

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    The legendary Chinese Great Flood (about 1900 BC) occurred around the time of the catastrophic drought (2200–1900 BC) that caused the collapse of the Akkadian Empire. Once again, it shows that water vapour that has evaporated from drought-stricken regions or wildfire zones needs no passport or visa to cross borders in order to return to the water cycle or to restore the global water equilibrium.

    1. Long, Harsh Drought (2200–1900 BC) beset the Akkadian Empire

    UNDER the renowned Sargon and his successors, the Akkadians of Mesopotamia forged the world's first empire more than 4,300 years ago. They seized control of cities along the Euphrates River and on the fruitful plains to the north, all in what is now Iraq, Syria and parts of southern Turkey. Then, after only a century of prosperity, the Akkadian empire collapsed abruptly, for reasons that have been lost to history....

    A team of archeologists, geologists and soil scientists has now found evidence that seems to solve the mystery. The Akkadian empire, they suggest, was beset by a 300-year drought and literally dried up. A microscopic analysis of soil moisture at the ruins of Akkadian cities in the northern farmlands disclosed that the onset of the drought was swift and the consequences severe, beginning about 2200 B.C.

    "This is the first time an abrupt climate change has been directly linked to the collapse of a thriving civilization," said Dr. Harvey Weiss, a Yale University archeologist and leader of the American-French research team.

    Such a devastating drought would explain the abandonment at that time of Akkadian cities across the northern plain, a puzzling phenomenon observed in archeological excavations. It would also account for the sudden migrations of people to the south, as recorded in texts on clay tablets. These migrations doubled the populations of southern cities, overtaxed food and water supplies, and led to fighting and the fall of the Sargon dynasty.

    The new findings thus call attention to the role of chance -- call it fate, an act of God or simply an unpredictable natural disaster -- in the development of human cultures and the rise and fall of civilizations.

    Among the drought's refugees were a herding people known as Amorites, characterized by scribes in the city of Ur as "a ravaging people with the instincts of a beast, a people who know not grain" -- the ultimate put-down in an economy based on grain agriculture. A 110-mile wall, called the "Repeller of the Amorites," was erected to hold them off. But when the drought finally ended in about 1900 B.C., leadership in the region had passed from Akkad to Ur and then to the Amorites, whose power was centered at the rising city of Babylon. Hammurabi, the great ruler of Babylon in 1800 B.C., was a descendant of Amorites....

    Source: https://www.nytimes.com/1993/08/24/...n-empire-is-linked-to-long-harsh-drought.html

    2. China's legendary Great Flood (about 1900 BC)

    The Great Flood of Gun-Yu (Chinese: 鯀禹治水), also known as the Gun-Yu myth, was a major flood event in ancient China that allegedly continued for at least two generations, which resulted in great population displacements among other disasters, such as storms and famine. People left their homes to live on the high hills and mounts, or nest on the trees. According to mythological and historical sources, it is traditionally dated to the third millennium BCE, or about 2300-2200 BCE, during the reign of Emperor Yao.

    However, archaeological evidence of an outburst flood on the Yellow River, comparable to similar severe events in the world in the past 10,000 years, has been dated to about 1900 BCE (a few centuries later than the traditional beginning of the Xia dynasty which came after Emperors Shun and Yao), and is suggested to have been the basis for the myth...

    Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Flood_(China)
     

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