Social Basis in Islam: Justice, Cooperation, Friendship


Active Member
Sep 29, 2011
Social Basis in Islam: Justice, Cooperation, Friendship

The social foundation of the Islamic Umma stems from the Muslims' relation with God. They all worship the same God and obey the same law. Muslims must ideally live in justice and kindness. They are to cooperate among themselves and must have friendly relatiohships. But alas, Muslims nowadays are far from this, very far.

Justice and kindness

Islam prescribes justice and equity. The following texts provide evidence for this:

‘Indeed, God enjoins justice and kindness, and giving to kinsfolk, and forbids lewdness and abomination and wickedness. He exhorts you in order that you may take heed.' 16: 90

‘O you who believe! Be steadfast witness for God in equity, and let not hatred of any people tempt you that you deal not justly. Deal justly, that is nearer to piety. And fear God. Verily, God is well informed of what you do.' 5: 8

‘O you who believe! Be you staunch in justice, witnesses for God, even though it be against yourselves or ( your) parents, or (your) kindred, whether (the case be of) a rich man or a poor man, for God is nearer unto both (than you are). So follow not passion lest you lapse (from truth) and if you lapse or fall away, then verily, God is ever Informed of what you do.' 4: 135


A third principle that binds on all Muslims is cooperation. Cooperation among Muslims is prescribed within the Islamic Umma consolidating brotherhood and unity:

‘Help you one another unto righteousness and pious duty, but do not help one another unto sin and transgression, and fear God, for God is severe in punishment.' 5: 2

Friends and protectors

A fourth principle constituting the Muslims' interrelations within the Umma is friendship and protection among its members. This feeling also consolidates brotherhood and cooperation and promotes unity.

Although Islam identifies the inborn tendencies within human nature toward good and evil it maintains a formula of shunning evil and doing good. T

his is known in Islam as jihad al-nafs (striving against the evil tendencies within oneself) better known as al-jihad al-akbar (the greatest jihad) compared with the small jihad which refers to fighting in combat the outside enemy of God and Muslims, in case the enemy fights Muslims for their belief and expels them out of their land.

Friendship is prescribed for Muslims with regard to those who were disbelievers then they became Muslims:

‘The good deed and the evil deed are not alike. Repel the evil deed with one which is better; then, he, between whom and you there was enmity (will become) as though he was a bosom friend.' 41: 34

The Bond with God makes the Muslims friends and this is the cornerstone of the Islamic Umma:

‘Your friend can be only God; and His messenger and the believers, who establish worship and pay alms, and bow down (in prayer). And whoso takes God and His messenger and the believers, verily, the party of God, they are the victorious.' 5: 55-56

‘And the believers, men and women, are protecting friends one of another; they enjoin the right and forbid the wrong, and they establish prayers and they pay the poor their due, and they obey God and His messenger. As for these, God will have mercy on them. Verily, God is all-Mighty, all-Wise.' 9: 71

For those who are ignorant of Islamic precepts it is better to make their research into the first religion in the world, before making their biased value judgements. Criminals such as the Qaeda mafia or other distorted systems of Islam such as the Shia in Iran and the Sunna in Saudi Arabia, fit to measure for sheer human interests, ought not give a false of the pure Islam as it is revealed in the Qur'an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad!!